If you’re like me and have hamstrings that are tighter than guitar strings, then these 3 stretches for tight hamstrings will do your body good and bring some much needed flexibility back to your body.
As a general rule of thumb, for improved flexibility you want to stretch your muscles on a daily basis. When combined with regular movement, some good old fascial release (as you’ll see in the video below), and an alkaline diet, you’ll be amazed at how good your hamstrings and the rest of your muscles will feel.
However, in many cases stretching alone will probably not be enough to keep your hamstrings in tip top shape. I’ll show what you do instead at the end of this article.
Never Stretch Without Doing This First
Your muscles are like elastic bands—they need to be warm to be as supple as possible. Therefore, be sure to do a proper warm-up before you think about stretching those “hammies” or any other muscles.
However, if you’re sitting in a sauna, taking a hot shower, or doing a hot yoga class, know that these hot environments provide sufficient warmth for your muscles by themselves and thus a normal active warm-up isn’t necessarily required.
But in general, you’ll want to warm your muscles up before stretching them. So whether that’s through active movement or after taking a warm bath or shower, doesn’t really matter. You just want them warm, so they’re more elastic when stretching. Cool?
Also, if you’re performing these stretches around your workout, do them AFTER your workout. Only dynamic exercises like these should be done before a workout. After your workout, or on their own, is when you’ll get the best results from stretching.
1. Supine “Active” Leg Extension
This is a great hamstring stretch because it forces “reciprocal inhibition” to come into play. Basically, what that means is that in order for your leg to stay straight, your quadriceps muscles must contract. In doing so, your hamstrings must relax since two opposing muscles cannot contract at the same time.
How to do it:
Extend one leg, contract your quad and hold for 5 seconds, return to starting position, and repeat with other leg. Perform 5 reps on each leg. Next, straighten one leg and hold, while contracting your quad.
2. Split Grab and Hold
This is an old “goalie” stretch I used to do while playing soccer.
How to do it:
It starts off as a typical groin stretch but by bringing your body over to one knee at a time – while keeping your legs extended (no bend in knee) – it really targets the entire backside of the leg. Hold for as long as comfortable.
For added benefit, contract quads (to activate “reciprocal inhibition”) and further relax hamstrings.
3. Seated Twisting Hamstring Stretch
Our final hamstring stretch was originally inspired by a yoga posture.
How to do it:
It’s a basic 1-leg hamstring stretch, but here you’ll tuck your forearm under your lower leg, place your hand beside your head, and open your body up in a twisting motion. This is a terrific stretch that also opens up your entire torso. You’ll definitely feel along your sides if your lats are tight.
As usual, hold for as long as comfortable and contract quad to further relax hamstring.
What to Do When Stretching Your Hamstrings Isn’t Enough?
There’s a misconception that stretching alone is the holy grail of flexibility.
However, many people with “tight” hamstrings could actually have short, stiff, or weak hamstrings – all of which make your hamstrings more susceptible to tightness and potential injuries.
Although stretching definitely has its place, I believe the foam roller is potentially even more important to helping your hamstrings (and other muscles) stay supple.
Here’s why that is:
When your hamstrings are chronically tight, tense, or have a history of injury or overuse, adhesions usually form in the belly of the muscle, tendons, and ligaments. These adhesions can block circulation and cause pain, inflammation, and limited mobility.
This is known as the “cumulative injury cycle” (or cumulative trauma disorder). It means that a repetitive effort – such as sitting or lifting a weight – causes certain muscles to tighten.
But here’s the dilemma:
A tight muscle tends to weaken… and a weak muscle tends to tighten. See the conundrum?
Clearly, this creates a vicious cycle. And as a result of weak and tight tissues, internal forces arise—friction, pressure, or tension can be present at the same time, which then reduces blood flow to the area.
With less circulation, less oxygen comes to the tissue, causing fibrosis and adhesions to occur in the affected tissues. Eventually, a tear or injury occurs, and this restarts the adhesion process.
That’s why some people (in fact, many fellow soccer players I’ve played with over the years) have hamstrings that are ticking time bombs, just waiting to pull with the next sprint.
Stretching does nothing to alleviate this.
However, deep-tissue work – like foam rolling – does. It’s simply the act of physically breaking down these adhesions, usually by applying direct, deep pressure or friction to the muscles. As these adhesions are broken down by deep-tissue work, blood flow and lymph flow to the affected area are enhanced.
How to “Stretch” Your Tight Hamstrings Properly
Now I don’t want you to get the idea that stretching is useless. Because it isn’t. It should be used after your muscles are warm and ideally on its own, neither before nor directly after a workout. Research has also shown that stretching combined with foam rolling is more effective at improving range of motion than stretching alone. (1)
So, to improve your range of motion, flexibility, and overall suppleness I would suggest following this simple protocol:
- Light warm-up to make muscles more elastic
- Foam rolling to break up adhesions
- Static (or dynamic) stretching
If you follow that sequence, you’ll get the best of both worlds and start feeling and performing a whole lot better. Go here for 5 of my favorite foam roller exercises.
So, if you’re hamstrings are chronically tight, use a combination of movement, foam rolling, and stretching. Combined with less sitting, this combination can help you hamstrings feel and perform great again.
Bonus: PNF Stretching for Increased Range of Motion
PNF, also known as proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, became famous thanks to its work in the world of gymnastics.
The basic premise is that you find your end range of a stretch, then contract the stretched muscles against a resistance, which “tricks” your nervous system (specifically, your golgi tendon apparatus for you nerds out there like me) to allow you to deepen the subsequent stretch.
This video show you how to improve the range of motion in your hamstrings using PNF stretching.
Tight Hamstrings Stretches Printable:
Here’s a printable version of these stretches that you can use as a quick and easy reference to keep your hamstrings properly stretched and supple.
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